Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) simply means putting prepared sperm into the Uterus. IUI is a simple form of treatment that helps a higher number of better-quality sperm reach the womb, which will increase the chances of fertilization.
We time IUI treatment to coincide with ovulation, using blood or urine tests and ultrasound to carefully monitor the ovulation cycle.
Who should opt for IUI?
Candidates for IUI are women who have been diagnosed with unexplained infertility. Unexplained infertility is when a woman under 35 has been unable achieve pregnancy after one year of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse. For women over 35, the time period is shortened to six months of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse.
IUI is also the recommended treatment for:
- Unexplained Infertility
- Patients using sperm donation or a sperm donor
- Cervical mucus problems, or other issues that may prevent sperm from reaching the uterus
- Male infertility including, low sperm count or poor motility
- Irregular period and in conjunction with timed intercourse
- You’re unable to have sex with your partner because of disability, injury or a psychosexual problem
During your initial consultation, our doctor may recommend diagnostic testing to determine if you are suffering from a structural reproductive problem. Once structural problems are ruled out, you and your doctor will decide upon a customized IUI treatment plan.
Risks of IUI
The chance of multiple births is increased if you take fertility medication when having IUI
Benefits of IUI
IUI is the lowest cost form of assisted reproduction treatment There is no egg collection involved in IUI meaning that there is no invasive procedure and sedation is not required
Success with IUI
Whilst IUI is a less invasive and less expensive option than IVF, pregnancy rates from IUI are lower than IVF. Reasons include the fact that there is no monitoring of embryo development or selection of the most viable embryo as we can do with IVF.
The success of IUI depends on two main factors
- The reason IUI is being performed. If IUI is being used to help couples have male factor infertility using donor sperm that preventing them from becoming pregnant.
- Whether it is carried out in a drug stimulated or natural (drug free) cycle